Here is a quick overview of exactly what vaccines are protecting your children from – broken down by type and age of recommended immunization. My desire is for all of my patients to be informed on how they are protecting them when they choose to vaccinate. I vaccinate my own children and would never recommend anything to my patients that I would not do for my own child. This is not a rant about why I think vaccinations are important, simply information. If you’d like to read my full thoughts on vaccines, you can click here.
Check out my Free Printables Here! Download these signs and put them on your baby’s stroller so that others know not to touch your baby.
ALL of the following information was collected verbatim from CDC.gov on 2/6/2019. CDC stands for Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC is one of the major operating components of the Department of Health and Human Services. CDC works 24/7 to protect America from health, safety and security threats, both foreign and in the U.S. CLICK HERE for even more detailed information. The CDC has determined the vaccine schedule based on when the vaccines will be most effective with a child’s immune system while also getting the optimum protection at the earliest time possible.
Newborn and 2 months:
Hepatitis B is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It ranges in severity from a mild illness, lasting a few weeks (acute), to a serious long-term (chronic) illness that can lead to cirrhosis or liver cancer.
2, 4 and 6 months:
Rotavirus is the leading cause of severe diarrhea among infants and young children worldwide. Before rotavirus vaccines were available, almost all children were infected with rotavirus, regardless of where they lived.
Diphtheria causes a thick covering in the back of the throat. It can lead to difficulty breathing, heart failure, paralysis, and even death.
Tetanus is caused by a toxin (poison) made by bacteria found in soil. The bacteria enter the body through cuts, scratches, or puncture wounds in the skin. Tetanus can cause spasms, which are painful muscle cramps in the jaw muscle (lockjaw) and throughout the body. It often causes a person’s neck and jaw muscles to lock, making it hard to open the mouth or swallow. The spasms can cause breathing problems and paralysis. As many as 1 out of 5 people who get tetanus dies. It can also lead to:
- Uncontrolled/involuntary tightening of the vocal cords (laryngospasm)
- Broken bones (fractures)
- Infections gotten by a patient during a hospital visit (hospital-acquired infections)
- Blockage of the main artery of the lung or one of its branches by a blood clot that has travelled from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream (pulmonary embolism)
- Pneumonia, a lung infection, that develops by breathing in foreign materials (aspiration pneumonia)
- Breathing difficulty, possibly leading to death (1 to 2 in 10 cases are fatal)
Pertussis is known for uncontrollable, violent coughing which often makes it hard to breathe. After cough fits, someone with pertussis often needs to take deep breaths, which result in a “whooping” sound. Pertussis can affect people of all ages, but can be very serious, even deadly, for babies less than a year old.
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease is a leading cause of childhood bacterial meningitis, pneumonia, and other serious infections.
PCV: Pneumococcal disease is a leading cause of childhood pneumonia, meningitis, and sepsis. Pneumococcal infections can range from ear and sinus infections to pneumonia and bloodstream infections.
Polio spreads from person to person invading the brain and spinal cord and causing paralysis (inability to move). Because polio has no cure, vaccination is the best way to protect people and is the only way to stop the disease from spreading.
6 months and annually:
Influenza (flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and lungs. It can cause mild to severe illness, and can lead to hospitalization and death. Every year in the United States, millions of people are sickened, hundreds of thousands are hospitalized and thousands or tens of thousands of people die from the flu.
Varicella: Chickenpox is a very contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). It causes a blister-like rash, itching, tiredness, and fever.
Hepatitis A usually spreads when a person unknowingly ingests the virus from objects, food, or drinks contaminated by small, undetected amounts of stool from an infected person. Hepatitis A can also spread from close personal contact with an infected person such as through sex or caring for someone who is ill. Symptoms include: Fever, Fatigue, Loss of appetite, Nausea, Vomiting, Abdominal pain, Dark urine, Diarrhea, Clay-colored stools, Joint pain, Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
Meningococcal: The two most severe and common illnesses caused by these bacteria include infections of the fluid and lining around the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) and bloodstream infections (bacteremia or septicemia). Even if they get treatment, about 10 to 15 out of 100 people with meningococcal disease will die from it.
Meningococcal disease can spread from person to person. The bacteria that cause this infection can spread when people have close or lengthy contact with someone’s saliva, like through kissing or coughing, especially if they are living in the same place. Teens and young adults are at increased risk for meningococcal disease.
MMR (Measles, Mumps & Rubella)
Measles is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by a virus. It can result in serious health complications, such as pneumonia and encephalitis (swelling of the brain), and even cause death.
- Ear infections occur in about one out of every 10 children with measles and can result in permanent hearing loss.
- Diarrhea is reported in less than one out of 10 people with measles.
Some people may suffer from severe complications, such as pneumonia (infection of the lungs) and encephalitis (swelling of the brain). They may need to be hospitalized and could die.
- As many as one out of every 20 children with measles gets pneumonia, the most common cause of death from measles in young children.
- About one child out of every 1,000 who get measles will develop encephalitis (swelling of the brain) that can lead to convulsions and can leave the child deaf or with intellectual disability.
- For every 1,000 children who get measles, one or two will die from it.
Measles may cause pregnant woman to give birth prematurely, or have a low-birth-weight baby.
Mumps is a contagious disease that is caused by a virus. Mumps typically starts with fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite. Then, most people will have swelling of their salivary glands. This is what causes the puffy cheeks and a tender, swollen jaw. There is no treatment for mumps, and it can cause long-term health problems. Mumps can lead to:
– Meningitis (swelling of the tissue covering the brain and spinal cord)
– Deafness (temporary or permanent)
– Encephalitis (swelling of the brain)
– Orchitis (swelling of the testicles) in males who have reached pubert
– Oophoritis (swelling of the ovaries)
– Mastitis (swelling of the breasts) in females who have reached puberty
Rubella is a viral infection that affects unvaccinated children and young adults. If an unvaccinated woman gets rubella while pregnant – especially in her first three months – serious consequences can result, including miscarriages, fetal deaths, still births, and having infants born with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS).
11-12 years old:
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer in women. HPVis the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). There are more than 40 HPV types that can infect the genital areas of males and females. These HPV types can also infect the mouth and throat. HPV is passed through genital contact, most often during vaginal and anal sex. HPV may also be passed during oral sex and genital-to-genital contact between straight and same-sex partners—even when the infected person has no signs or symptoms. Most people with HPV never develop symptoms or health problems.
Most HPV infections (90%) resolve within two years. However, some HPV infections persist and can cause a variety of serious health problems, including:
- cervical cancer,
- genital warts,
- recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (a rare condition in which warts grow in the throat), and
- other types of genital and oropharyngeal cancers.
For a complete vaccination schedule, CLICK HERE